What is Psittacosis? ~ Total Health Solutions (Unit of Catch Creative Concepts)

What is Psittacosis?



Psittacosis is an infectious disease in humans that causes mild, non-specific flu-like symptoms. Psittacosis refers to any infection or disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci, one of several microorganisms in the Chlamydia genus. This disease can spread to humans from infected birds. Parrot disease, ornithosis and chlamydiosis are other names for psittacosis.

What are the symptoms of infection in birds?

Chlamydia psittaci infects wild and domestic birds and poultry. Birds that may be vulnerable to infection include parrots, cockatiels, parakeets, macaws, canaries, pigeons, chickens, ducks and turkeys. The time between exposure to Chlamydia psittaci and the onset of disease in caged birds ranges from three days to several weeks. Sick birds show the following symptoms:

Loss of appetite or weight loss
Swollen or runny eyes or nose
Diarrhea

Latent infection may occur in birds. “Latent” means they look healthy and don't show any symptoms right away but they may show symptoms later. These infected birds with Chlamydia psittaci bacteria may shed organisms intermittently or sometimes continuously for weeks or months. Birds with latent infections may shed infectious agents due to stress associated with nutritional deficiencies, overcrowding, breeding, laying eggs, and prolonged transport. When defecation occurs, infected birds excrete the bacteria in their feces (feces) and nasal secretions, and the bacteria can remain infectious for several months.

How do birds transmit infections to humans?

At the point when pee, respiratory emissions, or dried dung from tainted birds are airborne (i.e., scattered up high as exceptionally fine beads or residue particles), people can become contaminated with Chlamydia psittaci by breathing in the organism. Is. Other sources of exposure include mouth-to-beak contact, bites from an infected bird, and handling feathers and tissues of infected birds.

Can humans spread infection to other humans?

Person-to-person transmission of this disease is rare. This can happen when an individual is presented to someone else's irresistible, sprayed beads and encounters a paroxysmal (unexpected, exceptionally lively) hack during serious disease. There is no evidence that preparing or eating poultry spreads the bacteria.

What are the symptoms of infection in humans?

At the point when an individual takes in Chlamydia psittaci microscopic organisms, the lungs' guard components endeavor to kill them. Bacteria that escape this defense initiate an infection that ranges in severity from mild flu-like illness to severe pneumonia. Typically, signs and symptoms appear within four to 15 days of exposure but usually after 10 days. These include:

Fever
Feeling cold
Dry cough
Muscle pain
Pain in chest,
Headache,

Psittacosis is primarily a disease of the lungs but may involve multiple organs. Some reports suggest that, although rare, inflammation of the liver, lining of the heart cavity, heart muscle, and brain may occur.

The course of the disease is variable and may result in death. However, fatal cases are rare. In mild cases, fever may continue for three weeks or more.

How is psittacosis diagnosed and treated?

To accurately diagnose psittacosis, the doctor must know whether the person has come into contact with birds and suspect birds are infected with Chlamydia psittaci. Laboratory tests can identify the organism and detect symptoms of infection. Patients who foster psittacosis require treatment with explicit meds. The disease is very sensitive to tetracycline but resistant to penicillin.

How can we control psittacosis?

Preventive measures include feeding birds properly (cleaning food and water bowls daily), avoiding overcrowding, and adequate ventilation systems, including the use of high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters to reduce the spread of contaminated air. . It is important to clean the cages daily. Do not stack cages. Arrange cages to prevent feces, food, feathers, and other materials from being transferred from one cage to another.

Isolate infected birds to control infection in pet birds and domestic chickens. Contact your veterinarian for any necessary treatment and testing. In many wards, all analyzed cases should be accounted for to nearby general wellbeing specialists. Brief conclusion and announcing can assist with recognizing wellsprings of disease and control additionally spread of psittacosis.

Educate at-risk workers about how this disease can be transferred from infected birds to humans. Ask individuals who think they may be sick to notify their healthcare provider about their bird exposure.

Workers should keep infected birds isolated and ensure these areas are properly ventilated. All people associated with the consideration of contaminated birds ought to wear defensive dress, including gloves, goggles, a dispensable careful cap, and an appropriately fitted respirator with a N95 or higher rating. Careful covers may not be compelling in that frame of mind of Chlamydia psittaci.

Try not to dry range, brush, or vacuum while cleaning confines. Wet surfaces with water or disinfectant before cleaning. Burn or double-bag garbage for disposal. Wash hands with water and soap after coming in contact with birds or their droppings.

Suitable disinfectants include the following active ingredients: quaternary ammonium compounds, 3% hydrogen peroxide, isopropyl alcohol, alcohol iodine solution, 70% ethanol, and household bleach (diluted to 1% sodium hypochlorite). Discard items that cannot be properly cleaned. Note that numerous sanitizers are respiratory aggravations and ought to be involved with fitting safeguards in a very much ventilated region. Avoid mixing disinfectants with any other products.


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