Causes, symptoms and prevention of measles ~ Total Health Solutions (Unit of Catch Creative Concepts)

Causes, symptoms and prevention of measles

Causes symptoms and prevention of measles ||
Due to changing weather, the risk of viral infection increases. Due to viral infection, people may face cold, cough, fever and many other serious problems. Viral infections can range from mild to severe.

Measles is also one such viral infection which falls in the serious category. Measles can spread from one person to another. If we talk about children, it affects children more than adults. After the invention of vaccination, it was believed that measles had been eradicated and that is why many times people are not able to understand the symptoms of measles.

Completeness It seems almost impossible to claim that measles has been eliminated. Even today the measles virus infects people. In today's article we will have a special discussion on the causes, symptoms and prevention of measles. So let's start this article.

What is measles disease?

Measles is an infectious disease which is caused by a virus. The measles virus is found in the saliva, breath, and mucus of an infected person. When an infected person coughs, the viruses spread into the environment with his saliva and mucus. If a normal person comes in contact with these particles, the measles virus also enters that person and causes measles infection.

Paramyxoviruses are a family of viruses that cause infections. Measles disease is spread due to a virus of this family. When a person comes in contact with the virus that causes measles infection, this virus enters the person's body and starts attacking the cells present in the body. To complete its life cycle it uses a person as a host.

The measles virus also attacks and infects the respiratory system. It spreads throughout the body through blood. On the basis of scientific research conducted so far, it has been confirmed that measles is a disease affecting only humans. This infection does not spread to any living creature other than humans.

A total of 24 types of measles have been seen throughout the world. If we talk about the present, today measles has not completely ended but it has disappeared from the world to a large extent. Today only six genetic types of measles are found in the world.

After getting infected with measles, this infection completes in four stages which are as follows-

Incubation period

The most primary stage of measles is the incubation stage, which is called the incubation period. This is the period of time when a person is exposed to the measles virus. Symptoms of measles are not visible during this time period. Symptoms of measles are seen after 10-14 days of the incubation period.

Prodromal catarrhal period

This is the second stage of measles infection. In this stage, initial symptoms of measles like fever, cough, conjunctivitis, nervousness etc. appear.

Rash period

Rash period is the third stage of measles infection in which red and flat rashes or rashes appear on the body of the infected person. In this stage the intensity of fever increases compared to earlier. The infected person may have a fever of up to 104 degrees, due to which his body heats up to 40-41 degrees centigrade.

Recovery phase

This is the fourth and last stage of measles infection. In this stage, improvement in the symptoms of measles is seen. Along with this, fever also stops in this phase. The thing worth noting here is that in the recovery phase, relief from measles infection is achieved, but for this phase, the treatment of measles infection is started in the earlier stages only.

Symptoms of measles

As it is known that the symptoms of measles appear in the second stage of infection. There are some specific types of symptoms that indicate that a person has measles. So let's take a look at the symptoms of measles-

-Fever of higher than normal intensity

-Sore throat and persistent sore throat

-Dry cough

-Formation of red spots and rashes on the skin

-Persistent runny nose

-Formation of Koplik spots (appearance of blue-white pimples on the inner part of the cheek.)

-Swelling of the eyes (also called conjunctivitis)

 Cause of measles infection

The risk of measles infection increases due to the following reasons-

Vitamin A deficiency

If there is a deficiency of Vitamin A in a person's body, then not only does the risk of measles infection increase but the complexity of the symptoms also increases.

In pregnancy

During pregnancy, many hormonal changes occur in the body of a pregnant woman. The risk of measles infection also increases during pregnancy.

Lack of vaccination

People who have not been vaccinated against measles are more likely to suffer from measles infection than the general population.

Children under five years of age

Measles infection has a greater impact on younger people. The risk of measles infection is much higher in children under 5 years of age. Measles infection occurs more in small children than in adults. Not only this, people up to 20 years of age are more likely to get measles infection than older people.

Traveling internationally

Traveling to countries where measles infection is still rampant can infect even a normal person.

Having a weak immune system

If a person's immune system is weak, then the risk of the person getting many diseases increases. One of these diseases can also be measles infection.

Measles test

Measles testing is prescribed to determine whether a person has measles. If you are seeing measles related symptoms in your body, then you should immediately contact a doctor.

Doctors can confirm whether a person has the common flu or measles infection by not only asking about those symptoms but also by evaluating the red spots that form on the skin. If it is difficult to confirm on the basis of symptoms, then the doctor may also advise the patient to get a blood test done. With this, the level of severity of measles infection can be determined.

Measles treatment

There is no specific treatment available for measles but efforts are made to prevent measles infection through vaccination. The first measles vaccine is given to the child at the age of nine months. Through this vaccination, immunity is generated in the child's body to fight measles infection. There is no cure for measles.

If a person is infected with measles, he is treated according to the symptoms.

Vaccination after infection

This is a type of post infection vaccination. This means that this treatment is given by vaccination after infection. This vaccination is given within 72 hours of exposure to the virus. This reduces the intensity of infection.

Important questions related to measles-

Are there medicines available to prevent measles?

As it has become clear that no special treatment for measles has been discovered till now, it is a bit difficult to say that any special medicine will be made available to prevent measles. Measles has some specific symptoms and medicines may be available against these symptoms. For example, if a person is having severe fever, then the doctor can give medicine to reduce the fever. If you suspect measles infection, it is very important to get checked by a doctor.

Are there chances of measles infection in pregnant women?

The risk of measles infection increases during pregnancy and the pregnant woman may have to suffer its consequences. Measles during pregnancy not only harms the woman but also has a negative impact on the development of the baby in the womb. Measles infection during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery and stillbirth.

If a woman is pregnant and suspects that she has been infected with measles, then it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately without any delay.

Note: This article has been prepared on the basis of information collected from medical reports from various sources of internet

Disclaimer: All the guidelines have been followed while preparing this article. The related article has been prepared to increase the knowledge and awareness of the reader. T.H.S. does not claim any kind of information and does not take any responsibility regarding the information provided in the article. Consult your doctor for more information about the related disease mentioned in the above article.

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