What is Hernia Disease? ~ Total Health Solutions (Unit of Catch Creative Concepts)

What is Hernia Disease?

Hernia is a very common problem, many times you must have heard people say that they have a hernia or have had a hernia operation. This problem can happen to anyone, man or woman. The problem of hernia occurs when a person's abdominal muscles become weak or a defect is created.

In hernia, the abdominal muscles of a person become weak and the intestines or any contents come out from inside them and go back when lying down, many times in the hernia there is trouble in standing, coughing or doing any other work. And it gives relief when lying down.

Here we will tell what is a hernia, what are its types, what are the symptoms of hernia and what are its possible treatments? Let us first know what is a hernia.

What is a hernia?

The problem of hernia arises when an organ or muscle or tissue from the abdomen starts coming out with the help of a hole. For example, very often the intestines come out through a hole in the weak abdominal wall. Abdominal hernias are most common, but can also occur in the upper thigh, middle abdomen, and groin areas (the area between the abdomen and thigh). Its symptoms are usually not visible, but sometimes intense pain is quite common in hernia and from this we can recognize that we have a hernia problem.

A hernia is usually not life-threatening, but it does not get better on its own. Sometimes surgery may be needed to prevent or eliminate dangerous complications from a hernia.

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Reasons of hernia

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and tension. Depending on its cause, the hernia can develop rapidly or for a long time.

Common causes of muscle weakness include:

* * Failure of the stomach divider to close appropriately in the belly, which is an inherent deformity
* Age
* Chronic cough
* Damage from injury or surgery

There are also some factors that put pressure on your body and can cause a hernia, especially if your muscles are weak, including:

* Being pregnant, which comes down on your midsection
* If you have constipation, there is increased tension during your bowel movement
* Lifting heavy weights
* Free fluid in the abdomen
* Sudden weight gain
* Due to an organ surgery
* Due to persistent coughing or sneezing
* Cystic fibrosis
* Enlarged prostate
* Straining to urinate
* Lifting heavy objects
* Peritoneal dialysis
* Poor nutrition
* Smoking
* Physical exhaustion
* Undescended testicles

Types of hernia
Hernia is of different types in both men and women. It is also classified on the basis of that. Hernia is also divided on the basis of its exit from any part, let us know how many types of it are –

1. Inguinal hernia
2. Umbilical hernia (Umbilical)
3. Pubic hernia (femoral hernia)
4. Incisional hernia

1. Inguinal hernia:
Inguinal hernia is the most widely recognized kind of hernia. According to the British Hernia Center (BHC), this type of hernia is found in a total of 70% of all types of hernias. These hernias occur when the intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen or tearing of the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal.

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The inguinal canal is found in our groin. This sort of hernia is more normal in men than in ladies. This is because a human's testicles exit the inguinal canal shortly after birth, and the canal has to be almost completely closed. Sometimes, the canal does not close properly and becomes a vulnerable area for a hernia to occur.

2. Umbilical hernia (Umbilical):
This type of hernia can occur in children, and in children under 6 months of age. This happens when their intestines start coming out through the abdominal wall near the navel. In this type of hernia, you may notice a bulge in or near your baby's navel, especially when they are crying.

Umbilical hernia is the only type that often goes away on its own because the abdominal wall muscles usually get stronger by the time a child is 1 year old. If the hernia is a true new one, surgery may be used to repair it.

3. Pubic hernia (femoral hernia):
This type of hernia occurs in only 20% of the total cases, which is more in women than men. This is a genuinely exceptional sort of hernia. It in some cases shows up in the internal upper piece of the thighs or crotch. It comes back when you lie down, but it may come back when you cough and cause some kind of pain.

4. Incisional hernia:
This kind of hernia can occur after stomach a medical procedure. Your intestines may come out through the incision or the surrounding, weakened tissue.

Symptoms of hernia

In many cases, a hernia is a painless small bulge that does not appear to be a problem and does not require immediate medical attention. However, hernias can sometimes cause discomfort and pain, with pain often being a symptom when standing, due to strain, or lifting heavy objects. Most people who notice this type of bulge or enlargement of the bulge eventually see a hernia doctor.

In some cases, the hernia requires immediate surgery, for example, when part of the intestine becomes obstructed or undescended by an inguinal hernia. If the inguinal hernia is accompanied by all of the following problems, intense abdominal pain Immediate medical attention should be sought if there is a complaint of –

* Pain
* Nausea Meaning in Hindi
* Vomit
* The lump can't be pushed once more into the mid-region
* In all these cases, the swelling is usually a bit hard and a bit soft and cannot be pushed back into the abdomen.

Treatment of hernia

Whether you need hernia treatment depends on the size and symptoms of your hernia. Your doctor will examine your hernia based on the complexity of your symptoms. Following are the options for the treatment of hernia –

* Changes in lifestyle
* With the help of medicines
* Surgery

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Changes in lifestyle

You can treat the symptoms of a hernia with dietary changes, but it won't go away forever. Avoid eating too much and heavy food, do not lie down or sleep immediately after eating, and maintain your body weight. Certain types of exercise help strengthen the muscles around the site of the hernia, which may ease some of the hernia symptoms.

However, exercising incorrectly can increase the pressure in that space and can actually cause the hernia to proliferate. For this it is necessary to consult with your doctor which exercise to do and which not to do.

If these changes don't help you, you may need surgery. Apart from this, you can improve the symptoms of hernia by not eating certain foods that cause acidity or heartburn. Apart from this, you can also avoid acid reflux by quitting cigarettes.

With the help of medicines

If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid can relieve your discomfort and improve symptoms.


If your hernia continues to grow or causes increasing pain, your doctor can decide what is best for you to correct it. In surgery, your doctor may sew up a hole in the abdominal wall to correct a hernia. Usually this is done by patching the hole with surgical mesh.

Hernias are corrected with open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses only a tiny camera and a few small surgical instruments. Laparoscopic medical procedure is less harming to the encompassing tissue.

If a hernia is treated with open surgery, it can take a long time to heal. You may be unable to move around normally for about six weeks after the operation. It takes less time to heal after laparoscopic surgery, but there is a higher risk of the hernia coming back.

Hernia prevention

You can't always prevent muscle weakness. However, you can reduce stress from your body. This can help you avoid a hernia or help prevent an existing hernia from getting worse. To prevent this, you can take these measures –

* Don't smoke
* Visit your doctor right away if you have a persistent cough or are sick
* Keep your weight right for a healthy body
* Lift objects with your knees, not your back
* Avoid lifting heavy weights

It is very important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of a hernia. If left untreated, the hernia will not go away on its own. However, by getting early medical care or making lifestyle changes, you can feel better and avoid its fatal complications.

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