How to keep our kidney healthy ~ Total Health Solutions (Unit of Catch Creative Concepts)

How to keep our kidney healthy

Many kidney diseases are very serious and if they are not treated on time, the treatment is not effective. Due to the high cost, potential problems and lack of availability in developing countries, only 5-10% of patients with kidney failure are able to undergo dialysis and kidney transplant treatment. The rest of the patients are bound by the usual treatment, which leaves them with inequalities in the short term.

Diseases such as chronic kidney failure that cannot be cured, their end-stage treatments such as dialysis and kidney transplant are very expensive. This facility is not available everywhere. That is why it is very important to follow the proverb 'Prevention is better than cure'. Everyone should know how to avoid kidney failure.

How to prevent kidney disease?

Never ignore your kidney. It has the following two parts:

1. Notifications for the general public

2.Precautions for the Care of Kidney Diseases

Information/ Notification  for general person-

Seven effective ways to keep kidneys healthy:

1. Stay fit and active-
Regular aerobic exercise and daily physical activity help to keep blood pressure normal and blood sugar under control. Thus physical activity reduces the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure and thus CK. The risk of D. can be reduced.

2. Balanced Diet-
Eat a diet containing fresh fruits and vegetables. The intake of refined foods, sugar, fat and meat should be reduced in the diet. People who are above 40 years of age, take less salt in the diet, which can help in the prevention of high blood pressure and kidney stones.

3. Keep Weight Under Control-
Maintain a balance of your weight with healthy eating and regular exercise. It is associated with diabetes, heart disease and CKD. Helps in preventing other diseases associated with

4. Do not smoke and use tobacco products-
Smoking can lead to atherosclerosis. This reduces the blood flow to the kidney. Due to which the ability of kidney to function decreases. Studies have also shown that smoking causes a rapid decline in kidney function in people who have or are likely to have underlying kidney disease.

5. OTC Beware of drugs (over the counter)-
There is also a fear of kidney damage by taking painkillers for a long time. Commonly used drugs such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, etc. damage the kidneys, which can eventually lead to kidney failure. Consult a doctor to control your pain and do not endanger your kidney in any way.

6. Drink Plenty of Water-
Drink no more than 3 liters (10-12 glasses) of water daily. Drinking enough water dilutes the urine and helps to remove sometimes toxic waste products from the body and prevent kidney stones from forming.

7. Annual Kidney Check-up-
Kidney diseases are often hidden and serious. They do not show any symptoms till the last stage is reached. The most powerful yet effective way to prevent and early diagnosis of kidney diseases is to have regular kidney check-ups. But it is a pity that this method is not used much. An annual kidney check-up is very important for high-risk individuals who suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity and have a family history of kidney diseases.

If you love your kidney and more importantly, don't forget to get your kidney checkup done regularly after the age of 40. The simplest way to diagnose and treat kidney disease is to take a blood pressure measurement once a year, measure creatinine in the blood, and get a urine test done.

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Precautions in case of kidney diseases-

Knowledge and early diagnosis of kidney diseases-
Be alert and don't ignore the symptoms of kidney disease. Symptoms such as swelling of the face and legs, anorexia, vomiting or nausea, lightheartedness in the blood, feeling tired for a long time, passing urine several times in the night, difficulty in urination can be a sign of kidney disease. 

A person suffering from such discomfort should immediately go to the doctor for examination. In the absence of the above symptoms, if there is protein in the urine or there is an increase in the amount of creatinine in the blood, then it is also a sign of kidney disease. Early diagnosis of kidney disease is very important in preventing, controlling and curing the disease.

Important precautions for diabetic patients-
Prevention of kidney disease is especially essential for all diabetic patients. Because around the world C.K. D. And the major cause of kidney failure is diabetes. One out of every three patients with chronic kidney disease who come on dialysis, is the cause of kidney failure due to diabetes. To prevent this serious problem, diabetic patients should always keep diabetes under control with medicine and diet.

It is necessary for every patient to get blood pressure and protein in urine tested every three months for early information about the effect of diabetes on kidney. Signs of kidney damage due to diabetes are increased blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling in the body, frequent decrease in the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood and decrease in the amount of insulin injection for diabetes. is.

Serum creatinine and (eGFR) should be measured at least once every year to assess kidney function. If the patient has to undergo laser treatment due to eye discomfort due to diabetes, then the chances of kidney failure of such patients are very high. Regular kidney check-up is very important for such patients. Early diagnosis of kidney damage due to diabetes is essential to prevent kidney damage. For this, the test of microalbuminuria in urine is the only and best test.

All diabetics must carefully control the amount of sugar in the blood and urine to prevent CKD. For which if necessary, after consulting a doctor, appropriate medicines should be taken. Blood pressure should be maintained below 130/80 mmHg. Apart from this, reduce the amount of protein in your diet and keep the weight under control.

Essential Precautions for Hypertensive Patients-
High blood pressure is an important cause of chronic kidney failure. Many patients take or stop taking blood pressure medication irregularly because most patients have no symptoms of high blood pressure. In such patients, there is a possibility of kidney damage due to high blood pressure for a long time. Some patients leave treatment incomplete because they feel more comfortable without medication, but this is dangerous. Uncontrolled high blood pressure over a long period of time can lead to serious problems, such as: CKD., Heart attack and stroke.

To prevent kidney diseases, all hypertensive patients should take prescribed blood pressure medication regularly, get their blood pressure checked regularly and take salt in proper amount. The goal of therapy is to have blood pressure equal to or less than 130/80 mmHg. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should keep blood pressure under control and it is recommended to have urine and blood creatinine test once a year for early diagnosis of its effect on kidney.

Essential Precautions for Patients with Chronic Kidney Failure-
C. K. D. is a disease that cannot be cured. Chronic kidney failure patients can slow down the process of kidney failure and avoid the need for dialysis or kidney transplant for a long time if they follow strict diet, regular check-up and medication. To avoid kidney damage in patients of chronic kidney failure, the most important treatment is to keep proper control of high blood pressure forever. For this, the patient should be given B.B. A chart should be made by measuring P.

So that the doctor can change the medicines keeping this in mind. Blood pressure below 140/84 is beneficial and necessary. In patients of chronic kidney failure, proper treatment of urinary blockage, stones, urinary problems or other infections, reduced water content in the body, etc., helps in maintaining kidney function for a long time.

Hereditary disease P.K.D. Early diagnosis and treatment -
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary disease. Therefore, if one member of the family is diagnosed with this disease, according to the advice of the doctor, it is necessary to get the diagnosis done if other members of the family do not have this disease. This disease is inherited from the mother or father in 50 percent of children. Therefore, after the age of 20, even if there are no symptoms of kidney disease, urine, blood and kidney sonography should be done regularly at intervals of 2 to 3 years according to the advice of the doctor. After early diagnosis, the process of kidney failure can be slowed down with the help of diet, control of blood pressure, quick treatment of urinary infection etc.

Proper treatment of urinary tract infection in children-
If children have frequent fever, they do not gain weight, then a urinary tract infection may be responsible for this. Early diagnosis and proper treatment of urinary tract infection in children is important. If diagnosis and treatment are delayed, irreparable damage can occur to the developing kidney of the child.

It should be remembered that urinary tract infection can damage the kidneys. Especially when its diagnosis is not done late and proper. Such damage can lead to kidney scarring, poor kidney development, high blood pressure and kidney failure in the future. There is a risk of gradual kidney damage in the future due to such damage (but the risk of kidney damage due to urinary tract infection is less in adults). In more than half of young children, the main cause of urinary tract infections is congenital damage or obstruction of the urethra.

Timely and prompt treatment is essential in such diseases. Without treatment, there is a possibility of kidney damage. In short, early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection and diagnosis and treatment of the cause of the infection are essential to prevent kidney failure in children. Vesicoureteral reflux is the main cause of 50% of urinary tract infections in childhood. Regular check-ups and timely appropriate treatment are especially essential in children affected by urinary tract infections.

Proper treatment of frequent urinary tract infections in adults-
If the problem of infection is frequent at any age and the condition is not coming under control even with medicine, then it is important to know the reason. If the reason for this is obstruction in the urethra, stones, etc., then proper treatment on time can save the kidney from possible damage.

Proper treatment of stone and B.P.H.-
Often, even after the diagnosis of stones in the kidney or urethra, patients become careless about treatment due to no significant discomfort. Similarly, at an older age, the patient remains negligent about the symptoms arising due to prostate dysfunction (BPH). In such patients, there is a fear of kidney damage after a long time. Therefore, it is necessary to take timely treatment according to the advice of the doctor.

Check for high blood pressure at an early age-
High blood pressure is usually an uncommon symptom in people under the age of 30. A detailed investigation is needed to know its underlying cause. Kidney disease is the most important cause of high blood pressure at a young age. Therefore, if you have high blood pressure at an early age, you should definitely get your kidney checked.

Prompt treatment of causes of acute kidney failure-
The main causes of sudden kidney failure include diarrhoea, vomiting, malaria, excessive bleeding, severe blood infection, obstruction of the urethra, etc. Early, proper and complete treatment of all these problems can prevent kidney damage.

Use of medicine as per doctor's advice-
Among the commonly used medicines, there is a risk of kidney damage if many medicines (such as painkillers) are taken for a long time. Many drugs are widely advertised but their harmful consequences are rarely disclosed. Avoid indiscriminate use of analgesics for body aches and headaches in general. Therefore, the tendency to take unnecessary medicines should be avoided and it is beneficial to take the necessary medicines at the prescribed quantity and time as per the advice of the doctor. All Ayurvedic medicines are safe - This is a misconception. Ingestion of many heavy metals can cause serious damage to the kidney.

Precautions in persons with one kidney-
Indeed, even with one kidney, an individual can lead an ordinary and healthy /solid life. A person with one kidney should avoid excessive salt intake and a high protein diet and avoid any injury to a single kidney. The most important thing is that such patients should have regular medical check-up once in a year.

Certainly a doctor should be consulted at least once every year to check and test kidney function. Blood pressure, blood tests and urine tests should be done and if there is any doubt, ultrasonography of the kidney must be done. It is very important for people with a kidney to drink more water, get prompt and proper treatment of other urinary infections and see a doctor regularly.

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