Get to know about Pneumothorax ~ Total Health Solutions (C.C.C.)

Get to know about Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax is a collapsed lung. This happens when air leaks into the space between your lungs and the chest wall. Pneumothorax is a complete collapse of the lung or else only part of the lung collapses. Pneumothorax is caused by an open injury to your chest wall or a rupture in the cells of your lung, so air makes its way into the area around the lungs, obstructing the pressure that keeps your lungs inflated. . In a healthy body, the lungs are touching the walls of the chest. This injury to the lungs can also put pressure on the heart, causing further symptoms.

What are the symptoms of Pneumothorax?
A few different things can cause a pneumothorax, and its symptoms vary widely. However, it can be treated with medical consultation.

Let's know about its symptoms –

) Symptoms of pneumothorax often appear at, or shortly after, a chest injury.
) The onset of pneumothorax symptoms is usually gradual.
) Its main symptoms are sudden severe pain in the chest.
) There may also be a constant pain in the chest.
) Trouble breathing or indigestion.
) Getting wet with sweat in the cold.
) Severe tightness in chest.
) Faster than normal heart rate

What is the cause of Pneumothorax?
There are many reasons for having pneumothorax –

Chest injury-
Any small or severe injury to your chest can cause lung disease. Some injuries can occur during physical attacks or car accidents, while unintentionally during medical procedures that involve inserting a needle into the chest.

Lung disease-
Cells from damaged lungs are more likely to collapse. Lung damage can be caused by a variety of underlying diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, and pneumonia.

Broken air blisters-
Small air blisters may develop on the top of the lungs. These blisters sometimes burst due to which this condition arises.

Mechanical ventilation-
A severe type of pneumothorax can occur in people who require mechanical assistance to breathe. The ventilator can cause an imbalance of air pressure within the chest and the lungs can be completely damaged.

What is the risk of Pneumothorax?
In general, men are more likely to have a pneumothorax than women. This type of pneumothorax due to ruptured air blisters is more likely to occur in people between the ages of 20 and 40, especially if the person is very tall and underweight, then the risk increases manifold.

Other risk factors for Pneumothorax are –

Some types of pneumothorax are also due to genetic reasons, meaning if someone in the family has this problem, then its risk increases manifold.

Lung disease-
The risk of pneumothorax is particularly high due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Mechanical ventilation-
People who need mechanical ventilation to help with their breathing are at higher risk of pneumothorax.

Hard sport like football or hockey-
Performing a stent can damage the chest and increase the risk of pneumothorax.

What is the treatment for pneumothorax?
1-Treatment will depend on the severity of your condition. It also depends on whether you have experienced pneumothorax before or you are experiencing symptoms. There are both surgical and nonsurgical treatments available for this. Most forms of pneumothorax require medical attention. The extent of this medical attention varies as much as the cause of the problem.

2-Treatment options may include observation, or more invasive surgical procedures combined with the insertion of chest tubes to prevent further collapse of the lungs. In this, oxygen can be administered into the lungs.

3-Standard medical treatment usually involves inserting a small tube between the ribs or under the collarbone to create gas. It slowly disintegrates the lungs.

4-Doctors use various medicines to numb the pain, remove toxins or prevent infection in the body. Some people may need oxygen.

5-Surgical treatment may be necessary in some cases, particularly in individuals who have had repeat pneumothorax.

6-Some very minor pneumothorax (Pneumothorax) may get better without any treatment. Doctors may give their patients the option of getting a pneumothorax to be cured without undergoing any medical or surgical intervention.

7-If a person experiences any of the symptoms of pneumothorax, he must consult a doctor and undergo a thorough examination.

Pleurisy (Pleura)-
Pleurisy is a more aggressive form of treatment for a pneumothorax. This procedure is usually recommended for people who have had repeated episodes of pneumothorax.

During a pleurodesis, your doctor numbs the pleural space so that air and fluid can no longer accumulate. The term "pleura" refers to the membrane surrounding each of the lungs. A pleurodesis is done to stick the membranes of your lungs into the chest cavity. Once the pleura adheres to the chest wall, the pleural space is no longer dilated, and this prevents future pneumothorax formation.

Mechanical pleurodesis is performed manually. During surgery, your surgeon treats the pleura to cause swelling. Chemical pleurisy is another form of treatment. Your doctor delivers a chemical irritant to the pleura through the chest tube. Due to irritation and inflammation, the pleura and chest wall stick together.

Some conditions require surgical treatment for pneumothorax. You may need surgery if you have recurrent pneumothorax. A large amount of trapped air in your chest cavity or other lung conditions may also lead to surgical repair.

There are several types of surgery for pneumothorax. One option is a thoracotomy. During this surgery, your surgeon will make an incision in the pleural space to help them diagnose the problem. Once your surgeon has performed a thoracotomy, they will decide what needs to be done to help you heal.

Another option is thoracoscopy, also known as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Your surgeon inserts a small camera through your chest wall to help them see the inside of your chest. A thoracoscopy can help your surgeon make decisions about treating your pneumothorax. Possibilities include stitching closed blisters, closing air leaks, or removing the collapsed part of your lung.

What is the treatment for pneumothorax?
) Follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor.
) If it is helpful to breathe and relieve chest pain, roll pillows behind your head and chest and take pain-relieving medications as directed by a physician.
) Avoid talking loudly and laughing.
) Avoid smoking.
) Ask your doctor if you should do breathing exercises and if so, how you should do them.
) Ask your doctor what activities you should avoid and when you can return to your normal activities. comply fully with it.
) Be sure when you should come back for a checkup.

Disclaimer: The above information on Pneumothorax is gathered from the various sources from the internet which may contain the advise and general of doctors/ medical practitioners. We just summarized the information in once place. Accuracy and authenticity would not be given by Total Health Solutions or Catch Creative Concepts. Please must contact your doctor before taking any medicines or treatment.

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